Home Run Derby was a short-lived syndicated series featuring top baseball players competing in a home-run hitting contest.
The rules were similar to modern home run derbies, with two notable exceptions. If a batter did not swing at a pitch that was in the strike zone, that also constituted an out. Also, the contests were conducted in a fashion more similar to a baseball game than the modern home run derbies, in which a player has a set number of outs before his turn is over.
Batters were given three outs per inning, and the player with the most home runs after nine innings won. The defending champion had the advantage of batting last; his opponent batted first. Any ball not hit for a home run was an out. The player did not have to swing at every pitch, but if a pitch was in the strike zone that also constituted an out, as did a swing and a miss. These rarely happened as the pitcher was supposed to give the batters good balls to hit. If the players were tied after nine innings, the Derby went into extra innings as per regular baseball.
When a left-handed hitter played, a special rule was put into place. Wrigley Field in Los Angeles had an inner fence with palm trees and a brick wall located several feet behind it. Any pitch hit in that direction had to clear the wall or hit the top of the trees that stuck out over the wall to count as a home run. This was done because the distance was shorter to right field with the inner fence, which would otherwise give a lefty an unfair advantage. The distances were still slightly different once the deeper right field wall was factored in, but at 339 feet vs. 340 feet the difference was negligible.
While one player was taking his turn at bat, the other player would sit at the host's booth and have a brief conversation, typically unrehearsed small talk about the contest itself or the player's performance that season. Willie Mays, who was a champion later in the run after losing in the initial contest to Mantle, joked with host Scott during his run that the host should be quiet while he batted for his third consecutive home run (for which Mays would receive a $500 bonus). Scott took him up on it, speaking into the microphone sotto voce, similar to a bowling or golf announcer, whenever Mays stepped up to the plate. Sometimes when the batter hit a ball into the deep outfield, the player in the booth would comment that it would have gone for extra bases in a real game, to which Scott replied that "on Home Run Derby it's nothing but an out". Some players wore golf gloves during the show - a notable addition because the batting glove was still years away from being a normal part of a player's gear.
Nineteen players, including nine future members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, participated in the series – "almost all the power hitters of the era."
|Hank Aaron||Milwaukee Braves||7||6–1||34|
|Bob Allison||Washington Senators||3||1–2||9|
|Ernie Banks||Chicago Cubs||3||1–2||25|
|Ken Boyer||St. Louis Cardinals||2||1–1||9|
|Bob Cerv||Kansas City Athletics||2||1–1||11|
|Rocky Colavito||Cleveland Indians||2||0–2||7|
|Gil Hodges||Los Angeles Dodgers||2||1–1||13|
|Jackie Jensen||Boston Red Sox||4||2–2||29|
|Al Kaline||Detroit Tigers||1||0–1||1|
|Harmon Killebrew||Washington Senators||4||2–2||23|
|Jim Lemon||Washington Senators||2||0–2||7|
|Mickey Mantle||New York Yankees||5||4–1||44|
|Eddie Matthews||Milwaukee Braves||1||0–1||3|
|Willie Mays||San Francisco Giants||5||3–2||35|
|Wally Post||Philadelphia Phillies||2||1–1||16|
|Frank Robinson||Cincinnati Reds||2||1–1||13|
|Duke Snider||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||0–1||1|
|Dick Stuart||Pittsburgh Pirates||3||2–1||21|
|Gus Triandos||Baltimore Orioles||1||0–1||1|
Five of the participants are still alive: Aaron, Colavito, Kaline, Mays, and Robinson.
One pitcher for the show was former major leaguer Tom Saffell and the catcher was minor leaguer John VanOrnum, later a San Francisco Giants' coach. Art Passarella, a former American League umpire who would go on to a TV acting career, served as the plate umpire. There were also umpires along both foul lines to help judge fly balls that were close calls.
Scott noted that Wrigley Field in Los Angeles was chosen to host the event because its fence distances were symmetrical, favoring neither right-handed nor left-handed hitters. Despite Scott's assertions, the left field wall was actually a few feet higher than the right field wall, which slightly penalized right-handed line-drive hitters such as Gus Triandos. The Los Angeles Dodgers played at the Memorial Coliseum during 1958–1961, a site that would have given an unfair advantage to right-handed batters.
The winner received a check for $2,000 and was invited back for the next week's episode against a new opponent (a rarity in that era for syndicated games); the runner-up received a check for $1,000. If a batter hit three home runs in a row, he would receive a $500 bonus check. A fourth home run in a row would be worth another $500 bonus check. Any consecutive home runs hit beyond that would each be worth $1,000. Each show would end with the host presenting each player with their prize checks (beginning with the loser), and would award separate checks for consecutive home run bonuses. These were actual bank checks, not the jumbo "display" checks typically used today. For example, if the winner hit three homers in a row, they would receive one check for $2,000 and another for $500 instead of one check for $2,500. As an incentive for throwing good home-run-hitting balls, the pitcher who threw the most pitches for home runs also received a bonus, according to the host.
Unlike more recent home run derbies, which usually award prizes in the form of donations to a player's choice of charity, the economic realities of the era meant that the cash prizes earned by the players on the show were a substantial income supplement.
The most home runs in a derby was 25, in the Jackie Jensen vs. Ernie Banks contest (14–11), while the fewest was 4, in the Hank Aaron vs. Duke Snider contest (3–1).
Jensen's 14 home runs against Banks were the most a player hit in a single contest. Only one home run was recorded in a contest three times; by Snider, Al Kaline, and Gus Triandos.
Mickey Mantle hit the most home runs on the show, a total of 44 during his five appearances.
Aaron won the most money during the show's run, $13,500. Snider, Kaline, and Triandos each won the minimum of $1,000.
Aaron had the best overall record at 6–1, while Rocky Colavito and Jim Lemon were each 0–2.
Jensen was the only player to hit four and subsequently five home runs in a row, doing so in the fourth inning of the final episode.
Snider and Eddie Mathews and were the only left-handed batters to compete. Switch-hitter Mantle batted right-handed in the contests; he hit 372 homers left-handed in his career and only 164 right-handed, but he chose to bat exclusively right-handed for this series, commenting in the first episode that his longest home runs had come right-handed.
Triandos was the only catcher to participate on the program; despite never hitting more than 30 home runs in a season and ending his career with 167 home runs, he was chosen because he was the best power-hitting catcher in the major leagues at the time. He also took until the seventh inning to hit his first home run, the longest such drought in a contest, and just surpassing Snider, who hit a home run off the trees in the sixth inning of his contest vs. Aaron. Triandos was nonetheless good-natured, treating his futility with a mix of self-deprecation and humorous sarcasm, and wishing Dick Stuart luck after their competition.
Scott's play-by-play and interviewing style was not very different from many of the announcers of that era (straightforward and upbeat). Scott died on July 13, 1960, from a heart attack at the age of 45; in the wake of his death, the producers decided not to replace him and instead canceled the show. (Benjamin Stoloff, the series director, died September 8 of the same year.)
In 2003 and 2004, the Major League Baseball Players Association held similar contests at Cashman Field in Las Vegas, NV. The contests were held just before spring training, consisted of eight-man elimination tournaments, and were televised on ESPN. The contests lasted for only five innings.
The original series is intact, having been rerun on ESPN from December 17 to 28, 1988, and July 10 to October 28, 1989. Its rights now belong to MGM Television. The series proved popular and was credited in part with the establishment of a classic sports network which would eventually become ESPN Classic.
ESPN Classic ran the program in primetime in September and November 2009 after a 2-year hiatus, and still occasionally carries episodes in middays. In later years the intro, as well as some comments at the close of the show, were narrated by former Los Angeles Dodgers announcer Ross Porter.
In the summer of 2007, MGM Home Entertainment (with distribution by 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment, which is owned by the same company that owns the current over-the-air home of the MLB, the Fox Broadcasting Company) began to release the 1960 series on three DVDs. The first DVD was released on July 10, the second was issued on August 14, and the third came out on September 25. In March 2008, the three volumes were re-released as a box set.
Episodes are also available via the iTunes Store.
|Episode #||Winner (winnings / cumulative winnings)||Loser (winnings / cumulative winnings)||Score|
|1||Mickey Mantle ($2,000)||Willie Mays ($1,000)||9-8|
|2||Mickey Mantle ($2,000/$4,000)||Ernie Banks ($1,000)||5-3|
|3||Mickey Mantle ($2,500/$6,500)||Jackie Jensen ($1,000)||9-2|
|4||Harmon Killebrew ($2,000)||Mickey Mantle ($1,000/$7,500)||9-8|
|5||Harmon Killebrew ($2,000/$4,000)||Rocky Colavito ($1,500)||6-5 (10 innings)|
|6||Ken Boyer ($2,000)||Harmon Killebrew ($1,000/$5,000)||3-2|
|7||Hank Aaron ($2,000)||Ken Boyer ($1,000/$3,000)||9-6|
|8||Hank Aaron ($2,000/$4,000)||Jim Lemon ($1,000)||6-4|
|9||Hank Aaron ($2,000/$6,000)||Eddie Mathews ($1,000)||4-3|
|10||Hank Aaron ($2,500/$8,500)||Al Kaline ($1,000)||5-1|
|11||Hank Aaron ($2,000/$10,500)||Duke Snider ($1,000)||3-1|
|12||Hank Aaron ($2,000/$12,500)||Bob Allison ($1,000)||3-2|
|13||Wally Post ($2,000)||Hank Aaron ($1,000/$13,500)||7-4|
|14||Dick Stuart ($2,500)||Wally Post ($1,000/$3,000)||11-9 (10)|
|15||Dick Stuart ($2,500/$5,000)||Gus Triandos ($1,000)||7-1|
|16||Frank Robinson ($2,000)||Dick Stuart ($1,000/$6,000)||6-3|
|17||Bob Cerv ($2,000)||Frank Robinson ($1,500/$3,500)||8-7|
|18||Bob Allison ($2,000/$3,000)||Bob Cerv ($1,000/$3,000)||4-3|
|19||Willie Mays ($2,000/$3,000)||Bob Allison ($1,000/$4,000)||11-3|
|20||Willie Mays ($2,000/$5,000)||Harmon Killebrew ($1,000/$6,000)||7-6|
|21||Willie Mays ($2,000/$7,000)||Jim Lemon ($1,000/$2,000)||6-3|
|22||Gil Hodges ($2,000)||Willie Mays ($1,000/$8,000)||6-3|
|23||Ernie Banks ($2,000/$3,000)||Gil Hodges ($1,000/$3,000)||11-7|
|24||Jackie Jensen ($2,500/$3,500)||Ernie Banks ($1,500/$4,500)||14-11|
|25||Jackie Jensen ($2,000/$5,500)||Rocky Colavito ($1,000/$2,500)||3-2|
|26||Mickey Mantle ($2,500/$10,000)||Jackie Jensen ($3,000/$8,500)||13-10|
Believe it or not, there were two Wrigley Fields that were both owned by William Wrigley. One was in Chicago, IL and was home to the Chicago Cubs while the other was in Los Angeles, CA where the show was taped, and where the Pacific Coast League's Los Angeles Angels played their first three seasons. The Los Angeles Wrigley Field was demolished in the 1960s.