|High Five Entertainment|
Pass Time was a game show where two contestants compete against each other and "Resident Expert" Ken Herring by attempting to predict the pass times of a series of drag races.
Before each run down the drag strip (or Pass) each racer and his or her car are displayed to the contestants, who are then permitted to ask a single question about the car or driver, such as the size or power of the engine, the type and size of the tires and the driver's previous experience.
After all questions have been asked, the contestant secretly enter their predictions of the car's elapsed time to the nearest 1/100 of a second. The car then makes its pass, following standard drag racing procedure. The contestant whose predictions was closest to the actual time wins increasing amounts of money as the game progresses; in addition to the scores being displayed on the contestants' podiums, host Wagner physically hands the winning contestant $100 bills.
Occasionally, a driver will commit a foul or the car will break down in some way as to make a pass impossible or unsafe. These events are collectively known in-show as a "catastrophic failure" when this happens, the contestant who enters the slowest time wins the money.
Ties for individual passes are awarded to the contestant who locked in their time first. In the event of a possible tie in total winnings at the end of the show, contestants are asked to record a guess for the speed of the car in the final pass, with the show win being awarded to the closest guess.
If a contestant correctly guesses the time of a run exactly, the contestant wins a bonus $100 bill. The bonus does not count towards the score and is the contestant's to keep regardless of the outcome of the show.
At various points during the show's run, minor tweaks have been made to the gameplay, such as allowing the contestants to wager double-or-nothing on specific passes.
The first round consists of three passes worth $100 each.
The second round consists of three passes worth $200 each. The second pass of round 2 is called the "Combo Round" in which two drivers make a pass simultaneously , the contestant must predict the combined time of the two cars and must direct their one question to one driver only.
Midway through the show's run, Round 2 started to implement themes (ex. if the theme is pickup trucks, every pass is made by a pickup) Around the same time, contestants started to guess whether the Combo Round would be won by the car in the left or right lane, the contestant who wins the pass gets a bonus $100 to keep if his/her lane is correct.
The third round consists of two passes worth $300 each. In a rule change added during the show's run, the first pass of the third round became the "Go Big" pass where any contestant has the option to gamble on the pass, doubling the money gained from the pass to $600 if they win, but forfeiting $300 of their previous winnings (or all of it, if they have less than $300) if they lose.
The final round consists of one pass worth $500. At the end of this round, the player with the most money wins the game while the other contestant must then hand over their winnings, except for bonus money. to that player, for a total of $2,000 (or $2,300 if he/she chose to "Go Big" and won that pass) Even if one player has mathematically won the game prior to the final pass. all passes are player out as a contestant who exactly predicts the time of this pass, but still loses the game and collects the bonus, for which he or she keeps.
Commonly used terms
- "All motor" – no "power adders" such as nitrous oxide, supercharging or turbocharging will be used to supplement gasoline and ambient air
- "Back half car" – the rear suspension has been substantially modified for drag racing, usually involving weight transfer improvements and "coil-over” highly adjustable shock absorber spring towers at easily compressible rates.
- "Big block/small block" - when speaking of Detroit's "Big Three" V-8 engines from the 1950's and up to the late 1990's, big blocks range customarily from just under 400 cubic inches of displacement and with larger bores and increased strokes of the crankshaft might approach 575 cubic inches. Small blocks have less room inside the engine block for such oversized crankshafts, connecting rods and pistons, having initial unmodified sizes ranging from well under 300 cubic inches to a maximum of just over 425, with the most well-known size around 350-360 cubic inches, depending on manufacturer.
- "CFM" (cubic feet per minute) – refers to the maximum intake flow capacity of a carburetor (e.g., 850)
- "Clutch mods" – The car builder may have modified the clutch to introduce some slip at lower rpm with lever weights to lock the transmission input shaft to the flywheel speed as the engine reaches a pre-selected optimum (this is done to limit power application at starting line). Also, on drag motorcycles, a typical modification is an air shifter—compressed air is used to instantaneously change gears as the driver presses a thumb button
- "Dana" – a rear truck differential assembly commonly used in drag racing applications due to its reputation for durability in truck applications from the "Big Three," and commonly found in Chrysler Corporation applications.
- "Daily driver" – a driver's claim that the car is used regularly "on the street". Front brakes, turning signals, wiper blades, headlights and license plates will be visible.
- "Ford 9 inch" – a Ford rear differential assembly used from 1957 to 1981 Ford cars and trucks. It is commonly used in street and racing (drag, oval, and road) applications due to its reputation for durability, regardless of vehicle manufacturer.
- "Full furniture" – the car has not been lightened through the removal of seats and interior components
- "Gears" – refers to the final drive ratio, which is typically around 3.0 for production automobiles and up to 7.0 for high-performance cars (the number refers to the number of engine revolutions for each rotation of the driven axle).
- "Hair dryers"- the car has a turbocharger, due to shape and sound of a turbocharger roughly resembling that of a hair dryer
- "Kachunka chunka" - refers to the sound of an engine with a loping idle from a long-duration camshaft. Such a camshaft will make more power in the higher RPM ranges than a smoother-running shorter-duration camshaft.
- "Laundry" – a braking parachute
- "Moly" – refers to a chassis constructed of high strength alloy steel in the chassis tubing—commonly containing just less than 1% molybdenum
- "Powerglide" - a two-speed GM automatic transmission used in production vehicles from 1950-1973, commonly used by drag racers
- "Shimmy" and "shake" - unintended lateral acceleration resulting from excess power being applied in too low of a gear. This results in the driver needing to temporarily reduce power until the car regains traction. The driver will have a higher elapsed time as a result. This term is commonly used when one contestant selects a much higher elapsed than the others, they are "hoping for a shimmy or a shake" to result in the car having a higher elapsed time.
- "Sleeper" – a car where numerous and substantial modifications are deliberately concealed, so as to mislead observers into assuming that it is a much slower car. Easily visible use of hood scoop, roll bars (mandatory 11.00-11.49 second cars; roll cages required in cars faster) or fender well removal are common modifications that are not performed.
- "Spray"/"power-adders" – spray is usually nitrous oxide injection, but some drivers may inject methanol and far more rarely, ethanol or nitromethane to supplement the gasoline use. "Power adders" include superchargers and turbochargers as well.
- "Stall speed" or simply "stall" – the maximum rpm that the engine can reach when a car with an automatic transmission (in gear) is not moving. Builders often tune this number by varying the size of the fluid clutch connection. A typical stall speed for a production automobile would be below 1,700 rpm-—for a racing automatic transmission car, it might easily exceed 3,500 rpm, thus rendering the cars wildly inappropriate for street use where engine speeds rarely exceed 2,000 rpm. A high stall speed converter is also referred to as "loose."
- "Street slicks" – DOT street-legal tires with minimal longitudinal grooving, providing less traction than full racing slicks, which are usually wider, softer and stickier.
- "Throttle stop" – Some high-horsepower cars have electronic or mechanical devices that reduce the amount of fuel and air available to the engine at the start—with full power becoming available at a preset time, rpm or distance. They are commonly used to prevent the engine from overpowering tire traction (smoking the tires, which could result in a loss if the opponent does not make the mistake) or the car breaking out in bracket racing (which in normal drag racing is a loss unless there is a red light).
- "Turbo 350" or "Turbo 400" - two of the largest members of the GM Turbo-Hydramatic three-speed automatic transmission family produced from the mid-1960's through the early 1990's.
- "Wheelie bar" - a device at the rear of a car designed to limit the amount the car's front end can rise during hard acceleration.
Clips of Pass Time